tion are those of Equity and Self-Preservation: By the First, all Men are bound alike not to hurt one another; and by the Second, Men have a Right to defend themselves: Nam fure boc evenit ut quod quisq; ob tutelum corporis suis secerit, jure secisse existemetur, says the Civil Law ; that is, it is a "Maxim of the Law, that whatever we do in the Way, and for the Ends of Self defence, we lawfully "do"; all the Laws of Society are entirely reciprocal, and no man ought to be exempt from their Force; and whoever violates this primary Law of Nature, ought by the Law of Nature to be destroyed. He who observes no Law, forfeits all Title to the Protection of Law. It is Wickedness not to destroy a Destroyer; and all the ill Consequence of Self-defence are chargeable upon him who occasion'd them.
Many Mischiefs are prevented, by destroying One who shews a certain Disposition to commit many. To allow a License to any Man to do Evil with Impunity, is to make Vice triumph over Virtue, and Innocence the Prey of the Guilty. If Men are oblig'd to bear great and publick Evils, when they can upon better Terms oppose and remove them; they are oblig'd by the same Logick, to bear the total Destruction of Mankind. If any Man may destroy whom he pleases without Refistance, he may extingish human Race without Resistance. For, if you settle the Bounds of Resictance, you allow it; and if you do not fix its Bounds, you leave Property at the Mercy of Rapine, and Life in the Hands of Cruelty.
It is that the Doctrine of Resistance would destroy the Peace of the World: But it May be more truly said, that the contrary Doctrine would destroy the World it self, as it has already some of the best Countries in it. I must indeed own that if one Man may destroy all, there would be great and lasting Peace, When no Body was left to break it. The Law of Nature does not only allow us, but oblige us to defend our selves. It is our Duty, not only to our selves, but to the Society; Vitam tibi ipsi si negas, says, Seneea: If we suffer tamely a law- less Attack upon our Property and Fortunes, we en- courage it, and involve others in our Doom. And Cicero says, "He who does not resist Mischief when he may, guilty of the same Crime as if he desert- ed his Parents, his Friends and his Country.
So that the Conduct of Men, who when they are ill treated, use Words rather than Arms, and practise Submission rather than Refistance, is owing to a pru- dential Cause, because there is hazard in Quarrels and War, and Their Cafe may be made worse by an Endeaavour to mend it; and not to any Confession of Right in those that do wrong. When Men begin to be wicked, we connot tell where their Wickedness will end; and we have Reason to fear the worst, and provide against it.
Such is the Provision made by Law: They are Checks upon the unruly and Partiaal Appetites of Men,and intended for Terror and Protection. But as there are already Laws snifficient, every where, to pretence Peace between private Particulars, the great Difficulty has hitherto been to find Proper Checks for those who were to check and administer the Laws. To settle therefore a thorough Imparti- ality in the Laws, both as to their End and Execu- tion, is a Talf worthy of human Wisdom, as it would be the Cause and Standard of Civil Felicity. In the Theory, nothing is more easle than this Task; and yet who is able to perform it, if they who can will not.
New-Haven, May 1, A violent Fever has lately carried off a considerable Number of People here and at Fairfield. The Beginning of last Week an Indian of this Place fell Head-foremost into a wall, where he soon died. On Saturday last, last, Jeremiah Atwater, John Sampson, and John Howard of this Town, Peleg Heath, Son to Capt. Heath of Roxbury, and Samuel Peck of Wallingford, went on board one Capt. Pitman, who lay about 5 Miles from the Town; and their Business being done, about half an Hour before Sun-set they left the Vessel. About Dusk, when they were about a Mile fom the Town,
a sudden Gust of wind with a high Sea, overset the Boat, which sunk about two Foot under Water. Soon after (it happening to be Tide of Ebb) they were left bare upon a Breaaker; but the waves dash- ing over them very much bruised their Bodies, in- somuch that Howard dy'd with the Hardships. At last, Mr. Atwater (being a good Swimmer) stript himself, and after two Attempts, swam on shore, who acquainting the Neighbours with the Distress of those yet living, they immediately went and brought them to Town with just Life enough to speak, and having put them to Bed, 'tis hop'd they will all recover. They were above 7 Hours in the Water.
Boston, May 14.
On Tuesday last a Singing Lecture was held at Dorchester, by a Society of that Place for promoting Regular Singing in the Worship of God. The Rev. Mr. Danforth preach'd an excellent Sermon on that Occasion, from the 16th of the 25th and 26th Verses. The singing was Perform'd in Three Parts, by about 100 Persons, many of whom went from Boston and Cambrige to assist the society in that Part of Divine Worship.
We hear from the Eastward, that two Women have lately murder'd their Bastard Children, one at Salem, the other at Hampton. Tis said several Persons are ill of the Small Pox at Seaconk.
They write from New-York, That Capt. Hoskins, who arriv'd there the 20th of April last, brought with him two Clergymen of the Church of England, sent by the Society for Propagation of the Gospel, one for Stradford in Connecticut, and the other for New-Bristrol in New-England. The some Letters add, That the Hector Man [Illegible] taken a Pyrate Brigantine, and carried her into Nevis. Custom House Boston, [Illegible] Inwards. Thomas Verier, William Pride and Daniel Jackson from New Hampshire, Samuel Butler from Newport Daniel Wair from Connecticut, Thomas Davis from Long Island, Samuel Broadhurst from New York, Jo- seph Kidder from Virginia. Thomas Lillv from North Carolina, William Webber and George Gibbs from Antigua, Lemuel Drew from Jaimaca. Richard Waterhouse from St. George.
William Green for Newport and Connecticut, Arnout Schermerhoorn, and Samuel Broadhurst for New- York, John Alden for Annapolis, John Trowbridge and John Alden for South Carolina, William Fletcher Richard Murphey, William Dunwell, Francis Bignal, and Thomas Forster for West Indies, Philip Viscount for Surranam, Francis Baker for Amsterdam, Nathaniel Breed for Great Britain, George Meede for London.
Thomas Sturgis and Issac Freeman for Connecticut, William Carsey and Stephen Walker for Newfound- land, James Nichols for North Carolina, John Rich- ards and Richard Pitcher for West Indies, Elias Wait for Philadelphia.
[We shall give our Readers their Portion of Foreign News in our Next.]
All Person indebted to the Estate of Mr. Richard Pullen, late of Boston, Innholder, deceas'd are hereby desired and required forthworth to pay in their respective Debts, unto Mrs. Ellinor Pullen, Widow, Administratrix to said Estate, As they would avoid further Trouble: And all Persons to whom the Said Estate is indebted, are hereby notified to bring in their being paid.
To be by publick Vendue on Tuesday the 29th Instant. at Three of the Clock in the Afternoon, at the Sun-Tavern on Dock-Square, a Valuable Collection of Books, being the Library of Thomas Newton Efq; deceas'd; with Sundry other valuable Books added to them.
The original Rights of Mankind freely to subdue and improve this Earth, Asserted and maintained. By J. M: Sold by B. Eliot and J. Edwards at their Shops near the Change. B.----Subjoins to the above Advertisement the following Lines
Old Stories tell bow Hercules did slay the Dragon at Lern-a, With fourteen Heads and fifteen Eyes, to see and will discern.